Meenakshi mission hospital in Madurai is the first and only institute in South Tamilnadu to introduce a surgical robot.
Robotic surgery is a minimally invasive surgery that is carried out using mechanical arms controlled by the surgeon with a few surgical instruments and a camera. Robotic surgery is a different way of doing laparoscopic surgery with better technological backup and technical comfort. Robotic surgery is one of the most advanced forms of surgeries that are surfacing in the medical sector. Robotic surgery has indeed marked the beginning of a revolution in surgeries.
How does Robot work in surgery?
Robotic surgery is completely a safe surgical approach like laparoscopic surgery. To make it clear, the robot doesn’t take complete control over the patient, and at all times the surgeon has complete control over it. He is the one who gives instruction to the robot by performing finger, wrist and foot movements.
These movements are transmitted to the robotic arm which is being fit to the patient, thereby those movements are synchronized by them and surgery is executed in a precise manner. The robotic system consists of a console, robot and a patient-side cart. It is a sophisticated, but expensive tool controlled by a surgeon. The surgical console has a built-in, three-dimensional vision on a real-time image screen where the surgeon views the target area in high definition and magnification.
The robotic instruments which work on the human tissues are attached to the robotic arms and are very fine and precise. The entire system uses a mechanical robotic pulley system and software algorithms to synchronize different functions. Within the console, the surgeon has foot and hand controls to facilitate different movements and use energy sources as needed during surgery. One or two assistant surgeons work at the patient side providing assistance.